Hydropower, when planned and designed correctly, is regarded to be among the lowest-carbon sources of renewable electricity generation.
Before now, however, there was no reliable and cost-effective way of estimating the emissions created from building a reservoir, taking into account pre-existing conditions and naturally occurring emissions.
All ecosystems, including river systems, naturally emit greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane.
When a reservoir is created, there will be a change in GHG emissions which are dependent on local environmental conditions.
Greenhouse gases can be released when a reservoir is introduced due to the decomposition of organic material in the flooded area.
A decade in development, the GHG Reservoir Tool was created through a multi-stakeholder research project led by the International Hydropower Association and the UNESCO Chair in Global Environmental Change.
The G-res Tool was developed using a conceptual framework created with scientists from the University of Quebec at Montreal (UQAM), the Norwegian Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF) and the Natural Resources Institute of Finland (LUKE), with assistance from the World Bank.
The next G-res Tool Training course will start on Monday 18 October 2021 (participants are required to attend live streaming sessions on the 18, 20 and 22 October). This course ends on Friday 22 October 2021. Visit our training webpage for more information on upcoming training dates.
“The development of the G-res Tool is a major milestone in the research on GHG from reservoirs. This is the first scientifically based tool for planners and designers to quantify reservoir emissions.”
– The World Bank
“Another innovative feature of the G-res Tool is its ability to calculate the net impact of a future reservoir on the GHG regime of a particular site. This is a significant breakthrough.”
– Yves Prairie, UNESCO Chair in Global Environmental Change
“As a consultant, I can see growing demand for GHG emissions estimates in tenders for hydropower projects globally. Thanks to the training I received on the G-res Tool, I can now provide clients with cost-effective GHG emissions analyses as a certified user.”
– Karin Grandin, Sweco
“The G-res Tool helps non-scientists to easily measure a reservoir’s carbon emissions. With ongoing improvements to suit different climate regions, the tool provides a convenient approach for hydropower operators and companies, such as Sarawak Energy, to estimate the greenhouse gas profile of a reservoir.”